Women of any age experience unique and exclusive conditions that significantly affect their health and other people around. The leading cause of morbidity and mortality among women are disease and complications of the reproductive system. There are several reproductive system, but the most common cutting across all ages are sexually transmitted infection, endometriosis, and gynecological cancers. Without proper treatment and management, these conditions may result in poor health outcomes and reduced quality of life among women.
Several reasons informed the choice of the above three reproductive health condition among. One of the reasons is that these conditions affect all sexually active women regardless of age. Sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS is prevalent among adolescents and young adults with multiple sexual partners. Secondly is that these three conditions are related to some extent where one condition increases the risk of another developing (Unemo et al., 2017). Sexually transmitted infection such as HIV and human papillomavirus (HPV) increases the risk of getting cervical cancer. Endometriosis has also been linked to the presence of both bacterial and viral sexually transmitted infection. Other gynecological diseases such as ovarian cancer have been associated with the presence of endometriosis among women (Servin et al., 2017).
Reproductive system disease significantly influences the health and the well-being of women globally. Morbidity is one of the effects of these conditions. The leading cause of hospitalization among the female population of reproductive age is gynecological diseases (Ward & Hisley, 2015). The disease affects the normal physiological, physical and social function among women. Sexually transmitted infection and cervical cancers are very painful (Servin et al., 2017). The physiological process such as urination and bodily functions such as sex are difficult to achieve due to pain associated with them. Endometriosis results in painful and prolonged menstruation among women leading to psychological disturbances such as depression. Cervical cancer and endometriosis are characterized by bleeding which may result in anemia and its complications (Lees, Erickson, & Huh, 2016). Delayed diagnosis and treatment of these conditions result in complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease, urinary tract infections, infertility and even death among women (Berman & Koeniger-Donohue, 2018).
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Reproductive health nurses have significant roles to play in the prevention, identification, and treatment of these conditions among women. One of the critical element of addressing these conditions is through health education both to individual and group of women as an audience. The aim of educating women concerning these condition is to create awareness, inform on early signs and symptoms, and, modify or change behavior to prevent lifestyle conditions such as sexually transmitted infection and cancer (Black et al., 2016).
For sexually transmitted infections such as HIV, HPV and other bacterial infections, the nurse should address the risk factors and preventive measures as well as the treatment options. Sexually active women should be encouraged to have one sexual partner as much as possible to reduce the chances of contracting the disease. Women should go for the screening of these conditions with their partners routinely (Berman & Koeniger-Donohue, 2018). Any unusual symptom in their reproductive system should prompt them to seek medical and gynecological care.
Nurses can also help a group of women on how to manage endometriosis. There is always a concern concerning endometriosis and fertility issues among women. The nurse should clarify that not all women with endometriosis are infertile. Nurses should educate women that infertility depends on disease progression and treatment (Black et al., 2016). Prevention of endometriosis through regular exercise, weight management and effective treatment of any gynecological disorder should be highlighted (Black et al., 2016). Gynecological malignancies such ovarian and cervical cancers can be prevented and treated effectively through comprehensive health education by the nurse. Nurses should encourage women of reproductive age and sexually to go for routine screening to promote early detection and treatment. Early signs and symptoms of the disease should also be highlighted (Black et al., 2016). The nurse is also responsible for educating the women on the importance of single sexual partner and initial treatment of sexually transmitted infections and other gynecological conditions to prevent the development of gynecological cancer (Berman & Koeniger-Donohue, 2018).