Hypertension Case Study

Hypertension is among the preventable contributors to death and diseases. Different evidence obtained from various controlled trials has highlighted the significance of using antihypertensive drugs to treat and reduce the health outcomes in patients suffering from the disease (James et al., 2013). In most cases, hypertension is a common condition evident in the primary care which leads to stroke, myocardial infarction, death, and even renal failures. To this effect, many patients need assurances that their blood pressure treatment will help in reducing the burden of the disease. The clinicians have tried to utilize the best scientific evidence to manage hypertension. Therefore, developing an evidence-based management plan would be prudent to treat hypertension as demonstrated in this paper.

Evidence-based management plan

Detection and diagnosis
The clinician will have to assess the patient’s blood pressure to facilitate the detection of the syndrome.
The nurse is must utilize the best and appropriate technique to assess patient’s blood pressure, especially by utilizing a properly calibrated and maintained equipment (Go et al., 2014).
The Nurse has to be knowledgeable about the process meant to diagnose hypertension.
The clinician needs to educate the patient about home/self-blood pressure monitoring methods and guide the client on the acquisition of the best equipment for potential monitoring and diagnosis of hypertension.

The nurse has to educate the patient about the targeted blood pressure and the benefits of maintaining their target (CDC, 2014).
Development and Assessment of the Treatment Plan

The nurse needs to help the patient in identifying lifestyle factors which influence hypertension management (Ball et al., 2015). This will help to identify potential areas for change; hence, creating a collaborative management plan that can fulfill patient’s goals and prevent further problems.

The nurse will have to assess the dietary risk factors to help manage the situation. This will require the collaboration with different stakeholders including healthcare teams and dietitians.
The clinician will educate the patient about the importance of consuming the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet (Go et al., 2014).
In collaboration with the healthcare teams and dietitians, the nurse will recommend the quantity of sodium intake (65-100 mmol/day).

The clinician will have to assess the patient’s BMI, weight, and circumference of the waist.
Patients with BMI ≥25 and waist circumference >102 cm must adopt weight loss strategies.
Educational Plan
Education is an important factor to consider when anticipating a healthy society. Patients need education about the treatment and conditions regarding the disease. The education effort shall ensure the nurse:
Teach patients about self-monitoring skills
Inform clients about their blood pressure levels